Classic Works of Apologetics - America's Christian Heritage - Laws of Nature and Nature's God Classic Works of Apologetics Online

America's Christian Heritage
The Laws of Nature and of Nature's God

What are the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God? Why did America's founders use these terms? How were these terms applied to common law? These questions are answered here.

Further information can be found at


Anderson, William Caldwell Anderson

Legal author. Read about Anderson here.

Burrill, Alexander M. (Alexander Mansfield)

A student of James Kent, a famous jurist whose commentaries greatly influenced the shaping of common law in the new United States. Read about Burrill here and in the Dictionary of American Biography.

Dallas, Alexander James

American statesman who served as the U.S. Treasury Secretary under President James Madison. Read about Dallas here and here.


Jacob, Giles

Legal writer and compiler. Read about Jacob here and here.


Nicholson, William

Scientist and inventor, writer of natural philosophy. Read about here and in the Dictionary of National Biography.


Historical Overview

Fortenberry, Bill
(fl. 21st Century)

Author from Birmingham, Alabama.


Galloway, Charles Betts

American Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Read about Galloway here and here.

Price, Nelson

Pastor emeritus of Roswell Street Baptist Church in Marietta, Georgia and a former chairman of the Shorter University board of trustees. Read about Price at his website.


Schmidt, Kent J.
(Fl. 21st century)

Attorney. Partner in Dorsey and Whitney's Trial Department since 2008 (Associate 2000-2007). Assistant to the Dean at Oak Brook College of Law. He served as Director of the Legal Department for the Institute in Basic Life Principles. Read about Schmidt here.


Declaration of Independence
(July 4, 1776)

Read about the Declaration of Independence from The Library of Congress and National Archives.

Adams, John

Second President of the United States. Read more about John Adams here. Note: Adams shifted from Congregationalist to Unitarian.


Blackstone, Sir William

English Jurist. Knighted in 1770. Read more about Blackstone here and here and here.


Cooley, Thomas McIntyre

Michigan Supreme Court Justice. Read about Justice Cooley here, here, and here.


Hornblower, Joseph Coerten

Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court. Read about Hornblower here.


McLean, John

American jurist and politician who served in the United States Congress, as U.S. Postmaster General, and as a justice on the Ohio and U.S. Supreme Courts. Read about McLean here and here.


Story, Joseph

Supreme Court justice. Read more about Story here and here.


Wilson, James, M.A.

Statesman. One of the six signers of both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. 2nd most active speaker at the Constitutional Convention speaking 168 times, Original Justice of the United States Supreme Court appointed by George Washington. Read more about Wilson here and here.


Legal Cases

State of Alabama Supreme Court


State of Florida Supreme Court


  • Gillooley v. Vaughn, 110 So. 653, 655 (Fla. 1926), citing Theisen v. McDavid, 16 So. 321, 323 (Fla. 1894). November 22, 1926.
    In the case of Thiesen v. McDavid, supra, this Court in construing the language used in Sec. 1839 above referred to, say:

    And, again, in the same case, the Court say:

    * * *

    Mr. Justice Jackson, speaking for the Supreme Court of Georgia in 1875, in the case of Salter et al. v. Smith, made the following approved observation:

    "We think that this statute should be rigidly enforced. Independently of the moral obligation resting upon all men to obey the law of the Lord, and to observe by abstaining from all secular business, the day set apart for His worship throughout Christendom, the rest of one day in seven from all physical and mental labor, is a great conservative, refreshing, invigorating means designed by Almighty wisdom for the preservation of health and the recreation of our mental and bodily faculties. But neither the law of God nor the law of man forbids us to do good on the Sabbath day. The Savior rebuked the Pharisees who questioned His divinity, because he healed the impotent man on the Sabbath, and bade him take up his bed and walk; and He who spake as never man spake said that the Sabbath was made for men, not men for the Sabbath, and that it was lawful to do good on the Sabbath day; and His own pure and perfect life illustrated His teaching by deeds of constant kindness and beneficence on the Sabbath day. When the statute of Georgia, therefore, excepts works of benevolence and charity from the operation of this penal statute, it but re-enacts the law of the Almighty as announced by the Savior and beautified by His example."

    In 1834 Mr. Justice Chambers, speaking for the Court of Appeals of Maryland, in the case of Kilgour v. Miles, 6 G. J., 268, declared:

    It appears to be well settled that in the absence of a statute providing otherwise Sunday is the natural day of 24 hours as hereinbefore stated. It is so held in Henderson v. Reynolds, 84 Ga. 159, 10 S.E. 734; Kroer v. People, 78 Ill. 294; State v. Heard, 107 La. 60; 31 So. 384; Philadelphia c. R. R. Co. v. Lehman, 56 Md. 209; Kilgour v. Miles, supra; State v. Green, 37 Md. 466; Pulling v. People, 8 Barb. (N.Y.) 384; Hiller v. English, 4 Strobh (S.C.) 486.

    Under the statutes of Connecticut prohibiting any secular business or labor on Sunday, except works of necessity or mercy, conviction for operation of a picture show on Sunday was sustained. State v. Ryan, 69 Atlantic 536. To the same effect was Graham v. State, 134 Tenn. 285; City of Topeka v. Crawford, 96 Pacific 862.

    It is also well settled that the fact that it is convenient and profitable to perform certain labor or transact certain business on Sunday does not render it a necessity nor exclusive from the operation of law. Burns v. Moore, 76 Ala. 359, 52 Am.Rep. 332; Barfield v. State, 85 Ark. 134, 107 S.W. 393; Arnheiter v. State, 115 Ga. 572, 41 S.E. 989; State v. Stuckey,98 Mo. Appeals, 664, 73 S.W. 735; Commonwealth v. White,190 Mass. 578, 77 N.E. 636; Handy v. St. Paul Globe Publishing Co.,41 Minn. 188, 42 N.W. 872.

    State of Illinois Supreme Court


    State of Maine Supreme Judicial Court


    United States Supreme Court


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